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Showing posts with label World. Show all posts
Showing posts with label World. Show all posts

History Of The Theory Of Numbers | Leonabd Eugene Dickson | 03 Volumes Series Complete | PDF Book Free Download

History of the Theory of Numbers is a three-volume work by L. E. Dickson condensing work in number hypothesis up to around 1920. The style is uncommon in that Dickson for the most part just records results by different creators, with minimal further conversation. The focal subject of quadratic correspondence and higher correspondence laws is scarcely referenced; this was clearly going to be the subject of a fourth volume that was rarely composed (Fenster 1999).
Dickson's History is really a stupendous record of the advancement of one of the most seasoned and most significant regions of science. Today is momentous to feel that such a total history could even be imagined. That Dickson had the option to achieve such an accomplishment is confirmed by the way that his History has become the standard reference for number hypothesis up to that time. One need just glance at later works of art, for example, Hardy and Wright, where Dickson's History is every now and again refered to, to see its significance.
The book is partitioned into three volumes by subject. In scope, the inclusion is exhaustive, forgetting about practically nothing. It is intriguing to see the subjects being revived today that are treated in detail in Dickson.
The main volume of Dickson's History covers the related subjects of detachability and primality. It starts with a portrayal of the improvement of our comprehension of impeccable numbers. Other standard subjects, for example, Fermat's hypotheses, crude roots, checking divisors, the Möbius capacity, and prime numbers themselves are dealt with. Dickson, in this meticulousness, additionally incorporates less workhorse subjects, for example, techniques for figuring, detachability of factorials and properties of the digits of numbers. Ideas, results and references are various.
The subsequent volume is a thorough treatment of Diophantine examination. Other than the natural instances of Diophantine conditions, this rubric additionally covers parcels, portrayals as a total of two, three, four or n squares, Waring's concern when all is said in done and Hilbert's answer of it, and ideal squares in arithmetical and geometrical movements. Obviously, numerous significant Diophantine conditions, for example, Pell's condition, and classes of conditions, for example, quadratic, cubic and quartic conditions, are treated in detail. As normal with Dickson, the record is broad and the references are various.
The last volume of Dickson's History is the most current, covering quadratic and higher structures. The treatment here is more broad than in Volume II, which, it could be said, is increasingly worried about exceptional cases. Without a doubt, this volume predominantly presents strategies for tackling entire classes of issues. Once more, Dickson is thorough with references and references.

Volume 01
Volume 02
Volume 03

Diseases of The Nose, Throat and Ear | G. D. McDOWALL, frcs | K. McLAY, frcs | J. R. McCALLUM, frcs | A. G. D. MARAN, md, frcs | PDF Book Free Download

There are a wide range of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) issue and a much more noteworthy assortment of trademark indications. The accompanying rundown includes the four most normal ENT issue. Not every person will encounter a similar arrangement of side effects or have them as seriously. Sometimes, a specialist or ENT authority will be expected to make the right analysis and offer the proper treatment.

Ear Infections

Ear contaminations are one of the most predominant ENT issue. They happen when germs become caught inside the inward ear.
The Eustachian tube, a small waterway that begins in the ear and channels into the rear of the throat, typically keeps undesirable germs out. On the off chance that this cylinder is excessively little or gets stopped up by liquid and bodily fluid, microscopic organisms or different microorganisms can enter the ear and cause a contamination.

Signs and indications of an ear contamination include:

  • Torment and weight
  • Fever
  • Loss of equalization
  • Trouble hearing
  • Queasiness and heaving
  • Liquid release (reminiscent of an aperture)
Ear diseases are more typical in kids than grown-ups and the most widely recognized kind of contamination in newborn children and toddlers.1 If a small kid has an ear contamination, it can frequently be hard to distinguish.
Telling signs in newborn children and babies include:
  • Pulling or pulling on the ears
  • Expanded fastidiousness, particularly at sleep time
  • Inability to surprise at noisy clamors or react to their name
  • Eating or drinking anomalous

Strep Throat

Strep is a shortened form for a group of microbes called Streptococci. Strep throat happens when the throat and encompassing structures become tainted with this germ. While strep throat is a typical disease, numerous different contaminations have similar side effects.

Side effects are normally sudden in beginning including:

  • Sore throat
  • Trouble gulping
  • Expanded tonsils
  • Expanded lymph hubs
  • White fixes on the tonsils or back of the throat
  • Fever
  • Body hurts
  • Weariness
Quite missing in strep throat are a runny nose and hack. You may likewise presume strep throat in the event that you have been presented to somebody with a strep contamination over the most recent fourteen days. Kids between the ages of 5 and 15 are most at risk. You are additionally bound to get a strep contamination throughout the winter months.

Rest Apnea

Apnea is a clinical term significance to quit relaxing. Rest apnea is a confusion making one quit relaxing for brief timeframes while dozing.

Side effects include:

  • Awakening every now and again in the center of the night
  • Feeling unrefreshed after arousing
  • Daytime sleepiness
  • Emotional episodes
  • Despondency
  • Awakening with a dry, sore throat
  • Morning cerebral pains
Notwithstanding these side effects, numerous people with rest apnea have been told by a life partner or relative that they wheeze, pant, stifle, or even quit breathing immediately while dozing. You are bound to have rest apnea in the event that you are overweight, have extended tonsils, or take narcotics at sleep time.
Obstructive rest apnea (OSA) happens in 2% of moderately aged ladies and 4% of moderately aged men, especially the individuals who are corpulent. Whenever left untreated, rest apnea can cause conceivably genuine wellbeing entanglements, including (hypertension), coronary course illness, stroke, and cardiovascular breakdown.

Ysterdays in Persia and Kurdistan | Frederick G. Coan | PDF Book Free Download

Preacher Life in the Middle East or Yesterdays in Persia and Kurdistan delineates the life of the teacher in the Middle East during the nineteenth century. The book starts with a past filled with Mıddle East and its geography and character. At that point the creator gives a travelog of his excursions in different nations in the Middle East, portraying all parts of day by day life. The cutting edge Kurds get an unmistakable spot in the book. The creator depicts puts in Kurdistan and neighboring nations 1939.
Extract from Yesterdays in Persia and Kurdistan
The truth of the matter is that there is no experience on the planet to be com pared to that of the teacher experience, no life that is more full of intrigue and excites, none that calls for more noteworthy assortment of gifts and capacities. Nobody is more joyful than the minister, and there is nothing that brings more noteworthy improvement of each effortlessness and blessing than the preacher life. His field is so immense, the necessities are so extraordinary, and the open doors so boundless that they require the activity of his most elevated and best powers.
This book is a proliferation of a significant chronicled work. Overlooked Books utilizes best in class innovation to carefully reproduce the work, safeguarding the first organization while fixing defects present in the matured duplicate. In uncommon cases, a flaw in the first, for example, an imperfection or missing page, might be repeated in our release. We do, in any case, fix by far most of defects effectively; any blemishes that remain are deliberately left to save the condition of such chronicled works.
Yesterdays in Persia and Kurdistan is the collection of memoirs of Frederick G. Coan and his better half, Ida Speer Coan. Coan is another case of an American conceived in Urmia of preacher guardians who came back to Persia to take up strategic among the Assyrians. In contrast to some other American crucial, Coan is a superb eyewitness and relates numerous accounts concentrating on the life and customs of the Assyrians as they lived before World War I. He shows an uncommon comical inclination concerning others, just as himself. His inclusion of the appalling occasions starting in 1915 is as a matter of fact not as point by point as those of others, yet it stays a significant expansion to those that have come down to us.

Woman and Her Saviour | in Persia | A Returned Missionary | Thomas Laurie | PDF Book Free Download

Extract: ...students stayed in the Seminary for insurance during the tempest; yet even there they were not entirely sheltered. On the 25th of August, a delivery person came in scramble for one of them, saying that her withering sibling wished to see her right away. As the man was her family member, the young lady was all set on the double; yet fortunately Miss Fiske discovered that the sibling was well, and the errand person had been seen last with Mar Shimon. So he left, chagrined and irritated at his disappointment. The patriarch had instructed him no doubt and conceal his motivation from that Satan, Miss Fiske, and in the event of disappointment, to take the young lady forcibly. In any case, the instructor had some involvement with guarding her overlap, and both she and her student were appreciative for the redemption. Following day, Mar Shimon precluded lecturing in Geog Tapa; however in the event that the congregation was shut, the house-tops stayed open. That day, the school in Vizierawa was over and again scattered, however each time reassembled by the educator. The 28th of this current month was such a day as the mission had never observed. In the forenoon, the instructor from Charbash fled injured from the workers of Mar Shimon to the mission premises. Barely had he entered, when his sibling came in, having gotten away from comparative brutality. The Moslem proprietor of the town needed to end the tearing down of their home. Miss Fiske and Miss Rice had recently plunked down to supper with the school, when the cry, "A man is slaughtered " was trailed by a surge from all pieces of the yard. A horde at the door was attempting to break in and hold onto the local partners. Blemish Yohanan was injured, and everything was disarray. The instructors urged their little rush not to check their lives dear to them, for the wellbeing of Jesus. Cheerfully, they were not called to such a trial of teaching; however the feelings of the Moslems were evidently with Mar Shimon, and nobody comprehended what daily may deliver. That attempted companion of the mission, E.W. Stevens, Esq., English emissary at Tabreez, dreaded in case the preachers should fall by the...
This book is a piece of the TREDITION CLASSICS arrangement. The makers of this arrangement are joined by energy for writing and driven by the goal of making all open area books accessible in printed group again - around the world. At tredition we accept that an incredible book never becomes dated. A few for the most part non-benefit writing ventures give substance to tredition. To help their great work, tredition gives a part of the returns from each sold duplicate. As a peruser of a TREDITION CLASSICS book, you bolster our crucial spare a considerable lot of the stunning works of world writing from obscurity.

Kitab Al-siyar Al-saghir | کتاب السیر الصغیر | The Shorter Book on Muslim International Law | MuhammadAl-hasanAl-shaybani

Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Shaybānī, The Shorter Book of Muslim International Law (Kitāb al-Siyar al-Saghīr), ed. and transl. Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi. Islamabad, Pakistan: Islamic Research Institute, 1998. 113 p. Casebound. ISBN 969-408-194-7; additionally distributed by Adam Publishing and Distributors, India, 2007. 113 p. Rs 180.00/$16.50. Casebound. ISBN 817-435-363-1.How would it be able to be something else: the principal book to be explored in JUS GENTIUM is "maybe the soonest [surviving] chip away at the subject of universal law throughout the entire existence of humankind". The Kitāb al-Siyar al-Saghīr. The Shorter Book of Muslim International Law was initially created somewhere in the range of 767 and 773 CE (150-157 AH) by one of the best worldwide legal scholars ever: Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Shaybani. Considering what was known as crafted by Shaybani in the English language world preceding the presence of this content in 1998, global legal advisers the world over owe a scholarly obligation to Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi for his interpretation, explanation, and altering of The Shorter Book. A word first about the interpreter and manager. Conceived at Delhi, India, Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi (1950-2010) left with his family for Pakistan three years after the fact, during the parcel of India.1 He kicked the bucket in Islamabad, respected as "the significant researcher of Islamic Law and thought".2 Mahmood Ghazi got both a MA and a PhD in Islamic Studies from the Punjab University in Lahore and would come to assume a noticeable job in Pakistani life. Conversant in Arabic, English, French, Persian, and Urdu, he distributed in Urdu and English. A one-time Minister of Religious Affairs of Pakistan, Professor Ghazi "served for a long time as the President and Vice-President of the International Islamic University of Islamabad", where he kept up joins with the Islamic Research Institute for over 25 years. "At the hour of his demise he was an appointed authority on the Federal Sharī'ah Court of Pakistan and Chairman of the Sharī'ah Board of the State Bank of Pakistan",3 just as Vice Chancellor of the International Islamic University. It was said that "during his residency as the Federal Minister for Religious Affairs, huge advancement was made towards the Islamization of the economy".4 Ghazi was the writer of in excess of thirty books. Notwithstanding his interpretation from the Arabic of the Shorter Book of Muslim International Law, he deciphered Muhammad Hamidullah's The Life and Work of the Prophet of Islam from the French. He "additionally distributed various articles on a wide assortment of subjects covering the sharī'ah and Muslim minorities, religion, State and society, the contemporary Islamic State, Islamic law and universal relations, and on the Islamic law of war and jihād".5Turning to the book itself, in spite of having initially showed up in 1998, The Shorter Book of Muslim International Law isn't notable to English-language legal advisers to some degree since it was distributed away from the Anglo-American focal point of English-language open global law. First distributed by the Islamic Research Institute of the International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan, the book was reissued again in India.

The Muslim 500: The World's 500 Most Influential Muslims | for the year 2020.

"The Muslim 500: The World's 500 Most Influential Muslims" for the year 2020.

The production tries to "find out the impact a few Muslims have on this network, or for the benefit of the network." They characterize impact as, "any individual who has the force (be it social, ideological, budgetary, political or something else) to roll out an improvement that will significantly affect the Muslim world."
The 2020 Edition of the yearly production 'The Muslim 500: The World's 500 Most Influential Muslims' has quite recently been discharged. This is the eleventh yearly issue created by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Center, Amman, Jordan. The 2020 release of the must-possess book about the movers and shakers in the Muslim World is presently accessible. The Muslim 500 and its reciprocal site ( have become the world's debut hotspot for a posting of the world's most persuasive Muslims. The Top 50 most persuasive Muslims are recorded alongside their photographs, profiles and relevant data on why they are compelling.

50 Most Influential:

HE Sheikh Abdullah bin Bayyah – President, Forum for Promoting Peace in Muslim Societies; Co-Moderator, Religions for Peace
Professor KH Said Aqil Siradj – Chairman, Nahdlatul Ulama; Co-President, Religions for Peace
HRE Amirul Mu’minin Sheikh As-Sultan Muhammadu Sa’adu Abubakar III – Sultan of Sokoto, Sultanate of Sokoto; Co-President, Religions for Peace
Sheikh Hamza Yusuf Hanson – Founder, Zaytuna Institute; Co-President, Religions for Peace
Sheikh Usama Al-Sayyid Al-Azhari – Azhari Scholar; Co-President, Religions for Peace

Honorable Mention for 50 most influential:

Dr. Din Syamsuddin – Chairman, Advisory Council of Indonesian Council of Ulama; Moderator, Asian Conference of Religions for Peace

500 Most Influential:

Ayatollah Mohaghegh Damad – Dean, Department of Islamic Studies, The Academy of Sciences of Iran; Honorary President, Religions for Peace
Dr. Mustafa Ceric – Raisu-L-Ulama Emeritus, Islamic Community in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Honorary President, Religions for Peace
H.E. Dr. Abdulaziz Othman Altwaijri – Former Director General, Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; International Trustee, Religions for Peace
Prof. Dr. Haedar Nashir – Chair, Muhammadiyah, Indonesia; Co-President, Religions for Peace
Imam Mohamed Magid – Executive Imam, All Dulles Area Muslim Society Center; Chairman, International Interfaith Peace Corps; Co-President, Religions for PeaceReligions for Peace extends its most sincere congratulations to all of our esteemed leaders on this much deserved recognition. ⠀

The 450 names, with a short bio, are listed in one of 13 categories:

  • Scholarly
  • Political
  • Administration of Religious Affairs
  • Preachers & Spiritual Guides; Philanthropy
  • Charity & Development
  • Social Issues
  • Business
  • Science & Technology
  • Arts & Culture
  • Qur’an Reciters
  • Media
  • Celebrities & Sports
  • Top Extremists

How to join PM’s ‘Corona Relief Tigers Force’?

Head administrator Imran Khan has propelled 'Crown Relief Tiger Force' that will work in a joint effort with common organization and armed force to contain the spread of crown infection.
Uncommon Assistant to Prime Minister on Youth Affairs Usman Dar has begun deal with PM's orders in regards to the Corona Relief Tiger Force.
Enrollment for the power will be begun from 31st March and will proceed till tenth of April.
The power will enlist adolescents who's age will be over 18 years. The power won't just stock proportions in crisis circumstance yet will likewise recognize the hoarders.
The volunteers of Tiger Force will help convey nourishment to regions under lock down, other than spreading attention to general society and to watch individuals in isolate.
Computerized enlistment structure has been made for the enrollment and young people from every single ideological group can join the power.
Crown Relief Tiger Force will be set up in each association committee.

Kitab-ul-Kharaj | کتاب ال خراج | Book of Taxation | Islamic jurisprudence | Abū Yusūf Yaʿqūb Ibrāhīm al-Anṣārī al-Kūfī | Urdu Version

Kitāb al-Kharāj (Book of tax assessment) is a great book on fiqh (Islamic law), composed by Abū Yusūf Yaʿqūb Ibrāhīm al-Anṣārī al-Kūfī (kicked the bucket 798; 182 A.H.) in line with the Abbasid caliph Hārūn al-Rashīd (763 or 766-809). Abū Yusūf was the most renowned understudy of Abū Ḥanīfa and alongside his famous instructor is viewed as one of the organizers of the Ḥanafī school of law. In the prologue to the book, Abū Yusūf portrays how the caliph requested that he compose a work treating the assortment of al-kharāj (the duty gathered from non-Muslims), al-ʿushūr (a tithe payable by Muslims), al-ṣadaqāt (offerings), and related issues requiring consideration and activity. Hārūn al-Rashīd's communicated plan was to utilize the work to address the abused state of his subjects and to improve their financial prosperity. The work incorporates such part headings as "A depiction of the land [subject to] tithing and al-kharaj, and of Arabs and non-Arabs and worshipers of another god and the individuals of the book [i.e., Christians and Jews] and others." The work likewise contains a lot of recorded and geological data on the early hundreds of years of Islam. This can be seen, for instance, in the record of the success of Byzantine and Sassanian lands contained in the part faṣl fī arḍ al-shām wa al-jazīra (Chapter on the place that is known for Syria and Mesopotamia). This original copy duplicate of Kitāb al-Kharāj was finished in Damascus, close to the finish of Rajab, 1144 A.H. (January 1732). The chapter by chapter list, which seems to have been dispersed and reattached to the book with its folios out of arrangement, was clearly expounded on a century later, on the Dhū al-Ḥijjah, 16, 1245 A.H. (June 1830), in Sarajevo (present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina). This work has been republished in various releases in current occasions and has been interpreted from the first Arabic into English, Russian, and French.

Kitab-ul-Kharaj | کتاب ال خراج | Book of Taxation | Islamic jurisprudence | Abū Yusūf Yaʿqūb Ibrāhīm al-Anṣārī al-Kūfī | Arabic Version

Kitāb al-Kharāj (Book of tax assessment) is a great book on fiqh (Islamic law), composed by Abū Yusūf Yaʿqūb Ibrāhīm al-Anṣārī al-Kūfī (kicked the bucket 798; 182 A.H.) in line with the Abbasid caliph Hārūn al-Rashīd (763 or 766-809). Abū Yusūf was the most renowned understudy of Abū Ḥanīfa and alongside his famous instructor is viewed as one of the organizers of the Ḥanafī school of law. In the prologue to the book, Abū Yusūf portrays how the caliph requested that he compose a work treating the assortment of al-kharāj (the duty gathered from non-Muslims), al-ʿushūr (a tithe payable by Muslims), al-ṣadaqāt (offerings), and related issues requiring consideration and activity. Hārūn al-Rashīd's communicated plan was to utilize the work to address the abused state of his subjects and to improve their financial prosperity. The work incorporates such part headings as "A depiction of the land [subject to] tithing and al-kharaj, and of Arabs and non-Arabs and worshipers of another god and the individuals of the book [i.e., Christians and Jews] and others." The work likewise contains a lot of recorded and geological data on the early hundreds of years of Islam. This can be seen, for instance, in the record of the success of Byzantine and Sassanian lands contained in the part faṣl fī arḍ al-shām wa al-jazīra (Chapter on the place that is known for Syria and Mesopotamia). This original copy duplicate of Kitāb al-Kharāj was finished in Damascus, close to the finish of Rajab, 1144 A.H. (January 1732). The chapter by chapter list, which seems to have been dispersed and reattached to the book with its folios out of arrangement, was clearly expounded on a century later, on the Dhū al-Ḥijjah, 16, 1245 A.H. (June 1830), in Sarajevo (present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina). This work has been republished in various releases in current occasions and has been interpreted from the first Arabic into English, Russian, and French.

Most Important Capitals with Currencies

Most Important Capitals with Currencies

Currencies in Brackets

Pakistan = Islamabad ( Rupee)
Russia = Moscow (Ruble)
Canada = Ottawa (Dollor)
Hungry = Budapest (Forint)
Japan = Tokyo (yen)
Italy = Rome (Euro)
France = Paris (Euro)
USA = Washington (Dollor)
Germany = Berlin (Deutsche mark)
New Zealand = Wellington ( Dollor)
England = London (Pound)
Australia = Canberra (Dollor)
China = Beijing (Yaun)
Qatar = Doha (Riyal)
Indonesia = Jakarta (Rupiah)
Malaysia = Kaula lampur (Ringgit)
Nepal = Kathmandu
Dubai = Abu Dhabi (Dirham)
Saudi = Riyadh (Riyal)
Iran = Tehran (Riyal)
Iraq = Baghdad (Dinar)
Turkey = Ankara (Lira)
South Africa = Cape Town (Rand)
Bangladesh = Dhaka (Taka)
Finland = Helsinki (Euro)
Greece = Athens (Euro)
Austria = Vienna (Euro)
Kenya = Nairobi ( Shilling)
Israel = Jerosholam (Sheqel)
Palestine = Ramaullah
Libya = Tripoli (Dinar)
Bhutan = Thimphu (Franc)
Oman = Mascot (Dinar)
Afghanistan = Kabil (Afghani)
Italy = Rome (Euro)
Yemen = San'aa ( Riyal)
Venezuela = Carcass (Bolivar)
Brazil = Brasilia (real)
Switzerland = Bern (Swiss Franc)
Spain = Madrid (Euro)
Thailand =  Bangkok (Baht)
Sudan = Khartoum (Sodani Pound)
Norway = Olso (Krone)
Poland = Warsaw ( Zloty)
Singapore = Singapore City (Dollar)
Mexico = Mexico City (Peso)
Chile = Santiago (Rupee)
Cuba = Havana (Rupee)
Ireland = Dublin (Euro)
Zimbabwe = Harare ( Dollar)
Kuwait = Kuwait City ( Dinar)
Jordon = Aman ( Dinar)
Kazakhstan = Astana (Tenge)
Kyrgyzstan = Bishkek (Som)
Tajikistan = Dushanbe (Ruble)
Philippines = Manila (Peso)
Iceland = Reykjavik (Krona)
Syria = Damascus (Pound)
South Korea = Seoul (Won)
Sri Lanka = Colombo (Rupee)
Nigeria = Abuja (Naira)
North Korea = Pyongyang (Won)
Panama = Panama City (Balboa)
Denmark = Copenh

We as A Muslims & A Generation Must do this to Our Generation

We Muslims Must do this to Our Generation

Woman is only for one man, cannot go to another if meeting multiple people creates poison inside the woman and she AIDS
The actions of non-Muslims are to destroy others;
Remember that adultery is death, even in the case of AIDS;
Must read and share
Protect Your Children from the Curse Be part of the campaign to root out evil;
Hear a bit about the sex education that Europe is pushing our schools and colleges and universities towards the bottom of the hell! Read!
Pakistan has become one of the most watched porn movies in the world.
When 60% of our nation is comprised of youth.
The unbelievers of the world have united to discredit this nation.
This is one of their 5 Generation Wars strategy x effects on the video community;
  • Increasing the number of children
  • Brain cancer
  • Increasing Divorce
  • The End of Positive Thinking
  • And getting older
When we are through social media Can build a dam Tax on mobile load Can bring justice to Zainab Social media can stop the campaign of blasphemy against the Pak army so We can permanently close all sites in Pakistan.
Earlier today, it was completely closed by Sultan Salah Ayubi
The Qur'an says:
"You will be counted with those whom you follow"
Does one of your forward messages make you a Sultan's soldier?
Our goal:
All porn sites are permanently banned.
People also use 24 mobiles every day. Also use this message today for Forward and SHARE until dirty movies are completely blocked in Pakistan.
Get done.
Those who want to share this POST with all of your GROUPS. General Chat Lounge Assume that you share in at least 20 groups
Brothers & Sisters share Islam on social media;
  • WhatsApp
  • IMO
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Let's work together today
  • Improve the future of your generation
  • Clean Pakistan from dirt.
This message must be on every Facebook ID
Anyone who does not want to share it, surely does not want our generation to escape this mess.
I need your help If that happens, our country can be saved from many evils. And our Prophet and our Lord may be pleased with us
Read this important message for God Sake and reach out to other Muslims and show mercy to your people.

Modern Indian History | V.M. Mahajan

A keen and instructive book - Modern Indian History gives a complete record of the cutting edge time of Indian History, i.e., from 1707 to the present day. It gives a rational record encouraging simple comprehension and absorption to understudies of various cognizance.
This book initiates with a talk on the decay and breaking down of the Mughal Empire and strolls us through the approach of Europeans, the periods of British government and the significant parts of the Indian National Movement.
This book is of gigantic incentive to undergrad and postgraduate understudies of the subject. Moreover, it will likewise be helpful to the wannabes of different aggressive assessments, for example, Indian Civil Services, PCS, NET, SLET and so forth.
Decrease and crumbling of the Mughal Empire • Rise of Autonomous States • Society and Culture in the Eighteenth Century

Burnt Shadows | Kamila Shamsie

Nagasaki, August 9, 1945. Hiroko Tanaka watches her darling from the veranda as he leaves. Daylight streams crosswise over Urakami Valley, and afterward the world goes white.
In the staggering fallout of the nuclear bomb, Hiroko leaves Japan looking for fresh starts. From Delhi, in the midst of India's weep for freedom from British pioneer rule, to New York City in the prompt wake of 9/11, to the novel's shocking peak in Afghanistan, a fierce history throws its shadow the whole world over. Clearing in its degree and hypnotizing in its inspiration of time and spot, this is a story of affection and war, of three ages, and three world-changing memorable occasions. Consumed Shadows is a story for our time by "an essayist of colossal desire and quality. . . . This is an engrossing novel that directions in the peruser an incredible enthusiastic and scholarly reaction" (Salman Rushdie).

Encyclopedia Tareekh e Alam All 3 Volumes (انساۂیکلوپیڈیا تاریخ عالم) | Mr. William L. Langer | Urdu Translation | Maulana Ghulam Rasool Mehar

Effectively and free download or read online the point by point Urdu book about History "Reference book Tareekh-e-Alam" and find about the historical backdrop of the world in Urdu language. Reference book Tareekh-e-Alam is the title name of this Urdu book which is about history of the world. The title name of the book implies World History Encyclopedia. This Urdu book is a point by point history Urdu book about the world. The book is insofar as contains on 3 volumes. This book is composed by Mr. William L Langer who is a notable western Historian. The writer of this book Mr William L Langer was the administrator of the history office at Harvard University, He was on leave amid World War II as leader of the Research and Analysis Branch of the Office of Strategic Services. He was an incredible master and History creator.
Reference book Tareekh-e-Alam Urdu book is the Urdu interpretation of Mr. William L Langer's book Encyclopedia of World History. This is a detail book at any point expounded on the historical backdrop of various societies, nations, human advancements and people groups. The book has converted into different dialects of the world. This book is converted into Urdu language by Maulana Ghulam Rasool Meher who is additionally an Islamic researcher. The interpreter Mr. Ghulam Rasool did not make any expansion to the book and consequently this is an equivalent to same Urdu adaptation of Encylopedia of World History. Maulana has endeavored to made an interpretation of this book into Urdu language and along these lines the credit of this book goes to him. He has made an interpretation of numerous different books into Urdu language also.
The creator Mr. William LL has composed the presentation of history toward the start of the book which demonstrates this is definite History book. The writer has attempted his best to compose the history from the earliest starting point of the Human being development. He has expounded on the campaign wars, about the Islamic world and well known Islamic caliphates and caliphs. He has likewise expounded on Pakistan, India and Kashmir. The creator has likewise portrayed the historical backdrop of Indonesia and England and Germany. He has additionally composed an itemized history about the United states, Japan, the French insurgency, Russia and the Islamic Spain. This book i.e Encyclopedia Tareekh-e-Alam is viewed as the most real Urdu book about history at any point composed by a western writer.

Free Download Now by Click the Link below

Encyclopedia Tareekh e Aalam Part01
Encyclopedia Tareekh e Aalam Part02
Encyclopedia Tareekh e Aalam Part03

Naye Saleebi Jangen aur Usama bin Ladin (نۂی صلیبی جنگیں اور اسامہ بن لادن) | by Idrees Azad

Naye Saleebi Jangen aur Usama bin Ladin
Free download or read online another lovely Urdu book "Naye Saleebi Jang Ki Haqeeqat" and read about the truth of the new campaign war in Urdu dialect. "Naye Saleebi Jang Ki Haqeeqat" is the title name of this Urdu book which implies The truth of the New Crusade War. This Urdu book is created by Shaykh Yusuf al Uyayri (Martyred) who was an outstanding Islamic researcher from Arabian island. Shaykh Usama Bin Laden additionally lauded this book. The creator Mr. Shaykh Yusuf al Uyayri had begun composing this book not long after the 9/11 occurrence and finished in only two weeks and distributed. The book was distributed in Arabic however this book was converted into Urdu dialect by Abu Umar who isn't in this world any longer.
Naye Saleebi Jang Ki Haqeeqat Urdu book is an investigation of 9/11 episode and about the US war on Afghan which was announced as a campaign war by the writer and by the president Bush also. In this book the writer has likewise talked about the symptoms and advantages of 9/11 occurrence. In the event that you read this book you will understand that Al-Qaida has acknowledged the responsibily of 9/11 episode on the grounds that the writer was additionally an individual from Al-Qaida.
Laylat al-Qadr (Arabic: لیلة القدر‎‎) (otherwise called Shab-e-Qadr , advanced from Persian), differently rendered in English as the Night of Decree, Night of Power, Night of Value, Night of Destiny, or Night of Measures, is in Islamic conviction the night when the principal verses of the Quran were uncovered to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is one of the evenings of the most recent ten days of Ramadan. Muslimsbelieve that on this night the endowments and benevolence of Allah are inexhaustible, sins are pardoned, supplications are acknowledged, and that the yearly declaration is uncovered to the holy messengers who additionally slide to earth. Shia Islam holds that Prophets and the Shia Imams are beneficiaries of the blessed messengers the evening of Qadr and the pronouncements that they uncover.
A few reporters trust that Quran was uncovered to Muhammad two times being 'the quick disclosure' occurring on the Laylat al-Qadr and 'steady disclosure' crosswise over 23 years. The Quran utilizes the word Inzal (Arabic: انزال‎‎) which legitimizes 'the prompt disclosure', as per Allamah Tabatabai. However some others trust that the disclosure of Quran happened in two stages, with the main stage being the disclosure completely on Laylat al-Qadr to the holy messenger Gabriel (Jibril in Arabic) in the most reduced paradise, and afterward the ensuing verse-by-verse disclosure to Muhammad by Gabriel. The disclosure began in 610 CE at the Hira surrender on Mount Nur in Mecca. The main Sura that was uncovered was Sūrat al-ʿAlaq (in Arabic العلق). Amid the primary disclosure the initial five verses of this Sura, or part, were uncovered.
Free download or read online pdf duplicate Islamic book of "Nigah ki Hifazat" composed By Ashraf Ali Thanvi. Ashraf 'Ali Thanwi (August 19, 1863 – July 4, 1943) was an Indian scholastic of the Deobandi institute whose religious commitments are as yet invaluable to Deobandi scholars.Thanwi quickening from the Darul Uloom Deoband in 1884. It is claimed[by whom?] that if Rashid Ahmad Gangohi, one of the authors of the establishment, usual for the graduation service, Maulana Mehmud Hasan side by side him that Thanwi, a strangely capable disciple was going to graduate. Gangohi funding to examination this disciple by allurement the a considerable measure of troublesome inquiries that he could foresee of. Thanwi's answers purportedly apprehensive and appreciating Gangohi, who himself led the Dastārbandī Jalsa, the turban-tying recognition appearance graduation.
Free download or read online prevalent Islamic Book "Parda" composed By Abul A'la Maududi. This is the Urdu rendering of Maulana Abul Ala Maududi's well known work "Purdah", which was initially distributed in book shape in 1939. It has since go through thirteen reprints and has profoundly affected huge areas of people in general in the Indo-Pakistan sub-landmass. This book, more than some other, has in late year helped individuals to see obviously the idea of the right connection amongst man and lady in the social life, and welcome the immense outline that God wills to satisfy through them on the earth.First of all, it demonstrates by reason and contention that the ethical ideas fundamental the social framework common in the West are unnatural and silly as well as weighed down with deadly signs for man and his civilization.Secondly, it attracts one's consideration regarding the laws of nature and sets up that family life and real multiplication alone can serve the will of God. Four years back, I composed a progression of these articles of the issues of Purdah (disengagement of ladies) distributed in a few issues of the "Tarjumanul-Quran". Around then, a few parts of the dialog were intentionally left untouched and some others were not completely managed, for these were intended to be articles and not the sections of a book. Presently a similar arrangement is being exhibited in the book shape with important increments and clarifications. Despite the fact that it can't be guaranteed even now that it is the keep going word regarding the matter, it is in any event trusted that the general population who enough material and contentions in it for their fulfillment. "Furthermore, with Allah is the beauty and only he is the Helper."

Ajaibaat e Alam | (Wonders of World) | (عجائبات عالم) | October 2012
Ajaibat e Alam Octuber 2012 is the world traveler nations data. it has numerous other data like which nation whose yearly traveler record. it likewise tell distinctive nations visitor area and their wonderful spot. it pleasant for undertakings man and pakistani traveler.
Ajaibat e Alam Octuber 2012 is the world traveler nations data. it has numerous other data like which nation whose yearly traveler record. it additionally tell distinctive nations visitor area and their excellent spot. it pleasant for experiences man and pakistani traveler. 
Different arrangements of the Wonders of the World have been incorporated from ancient times to the present day, to index the world's most breathtaking normal miracles and artificial structures.
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is the main known rundown of the most exceptional manifestations of established relic; it depended on manuals prevalent among Hellenic tourists and just incorporates works situated around the Mediterranean edge. The number seven was picked in light of the fact that the Greeks trusted it spoke to flawlessness and bounty, and in light of the fact that it was the quantity of the five planets known in days of yore, in addition to the sun and moon. Numerous comparative records have been made.
  •     Colossus of Rhodes
  •     Great Pyramid of Giza
  •     Hanging Gardens of Babylon
  •     Lighthouse of Alexandria
  •     Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
  •     Statue of Zeus at Olympia
  •     Temple of Artemis at Ephesus

Dehshat Gardi aur Fitna e Khawarij | by Sheikh ul Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul Qadri | PDF eBook Free Download

The Khawarij (Arabic: الخوارج‎‎, al-Khawārij, particular خارجي, khārijiyy) or the cinder Shurah (Arabic: الشراة‎, translit. fiery remains Shurāh‎ "the Exchangers") are individuals from a gathering that showed up in the principal century of Islam amid the First Fitna, the emergency of administration after the passing of Muhammad. It broke into rebel against the specialist of the Rashidun Caliph Ali after he consented to mediation with his opponent, Muawiyah I, to choose the progression to the Caliphate taking after the Battle of Siffin (657). A Khariji later killed Ali, and for many years, the Khawarij were a wellspring of revolt against the Caliphate.
The Khawarij contradicted assertion as a way to pick another ruler in light of the fact that "judgment has a place with God alone". They thought about discretion as a methods for individuals to make decisions while the victor in a fight was dictated by God. They trusted that any Muslim—regardless of the possibility that not Quraysh or even an Arab—could be the Imam, the pioneer of the group, on the off chance that he was ethically faultless. On the off chance that the pioneer trespassed, it was the obligation of Muslims to restrict and remove him.
Some Khawarij created outrageous regulations that set them apart from both standard Sunni and Shiʿi Muslims. They were especially noted for embracing a radical way to deal with takfir (announcing self-depicted Muslims as non-Muslims). In current circumstances, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and some other fanatic gatherings have been alluded to as "Kharijites" for their eagerness to submit takfir and execute those they esteem deficiently Muslim.


The term al-Khariji was utilized as an exonym by their rivals from the way that they cleared out Ali's armed force. The name originates from the Arabic root خ ر ج, which has the essential signifying "to leave" or "to get out", as in the fundamental word خرج "to go out", "to exit", "to turn out", etc.
In any case, these gatherings called themselves slag Shurah "the Exchangers", which they comprehended inside the setting of Islamic sacred text (Quran 2:207) and theory to signify "the individuals who have exchanged the mortal life (al-Dunya) for the other life [with God] (al-Akhirah)".



The cause of Kharijism lies in the First Fitna, the battle for political matchless quality over the Muslim people group in the years taking after the demise of Muhammad. One source depicts Khawarij as "bedouin travelers who hated the centralization of force in the new Islamic express that shortened the flexibility of their tribal society."
After the demise of the third Rashidun Caliph, Uthman, a battle for progression followed amongst Ali and Muawiyah I, the legislative head of Syria and cousin of Uthman, allied with an assortment of different rivals.
The Khawarij at first were individuals from the "Gathering of Ali". They later rejected his authority after he consented to mediation with Muawiyah as opposed to battle to choose the progression to the Caliphate taking after the Battle of Siffin. In 657, Ali's powers met Muawiyah's at the Battle of Siffin. At first, the fight conflicted with Muawiyah yet on the very edge of thrashing, Muawiyah guided his armed force to crane Qurans on their lances. That started disunity among some of the individuals who were in Ali's armed force. Muawiyah needed to put the debate between the two sides to mediation as per the Qur'an. A gathering of Ali's armed force mutinied requesting for Ali to consent to Muawiyah's proposition. Accordingly, Ali reluctantly exhibited his own agent for intervention. The double-crossers, nonetheless, set forward Abu Musa Ashaari, against Ali's desires.
Muawiyah set forward 'Amr ibn al-'As. Abu Musa al-Ashari was persuaded by Amr to profess Ali's expulsion as caliph despite the fact that Ali's caliphate was not intended to be the issue of worry in the mediation. The rebels saw the unforeseen development as an essential disloyalty of standard, particularly since they had started it; a substantial gathering of them denied Ali.
Refering to the verse "No Command however God's" (Quran 6:57), a sign that a caliph is not an agent of God, this gathering turned on both Ali and Muawiya, contradicting the resistance to one whom they thought to be the legitimate caliph and Ali tolerating to subject his authentic expert to intervention, along these lines giving ceaselessly what was not his but rather the people's.
Alī's cousin and a famous Islamic law specialist, Abd Allah ibn Abbas, brought up the grave religious blunders made by the Kharijites in citing the Qur'an, and figured out how to influence various Khawarij to profit to Alī based for their misinterpretations. ʻAlī crushed the rest of the renegades in the Battle of Nahrawan in 658 yet some Kharijites survived.
One of the early gatherings were the Haruriyyah; it was striking for some reasons, among which was its deciding that a Haruri, Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam, was the professional killer of Caliph Ali.
For a long time the Khawarij kept on being a wellspring of revolt against the Caliphate. and they excited judgment by standard researchers, for example, fourteenth century Muslim Ismail ibn Kathir who composed, "In the event that they ever picked up quality, they would without a doubt degenerate the entire of the Earth, Iraq and Shaam – they would not leave a child, male or female, neither a man or a lady, in light of the fact that to the extent they are concerned the general population have brought about debasement, a defilement that can't be amended aside from by mass killing." In a comparative vein, the tenth century Islamic researcher Abu Bakr al-Ajurri stated, "None of the researchers, in either past or late circumstances, ever differ that the Khawarij are a malevolent gathering, insubordinate to Allah Almighty and to His Messenger - Peace Be Upon Him. Regardless of the possibility that they supplicate, quick, or endeavor in love, it doesn't profit them, and regardless of the possibility that they straightforwardly charge great and prohibit insidious it doesn't profit them, as they are a people who translate the Quran as per their craving."


Among the hadith that allude to the Khawarij (as indicated by a few sources) include:
-A portrayal ascribed to Yusair receptacle Amr reports:
I asked Sahl receptacle Hunaif, "Did you hear the Prophet saying anything in regards to Al-Khawarij?" He stated, "I heard him saying while guiding his hand towards Iraq. "There will show up in it (i.e, Iraq) a few people who will recount the Quran yet it won't go past their throats, and they will go out from (leave) Islam as a bolt shoots through the diversion's body.' "
-A portrayal ascribed to Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reports:
"There will come a people from the east who discuss the Quran however it won't go past their throats. They will go through the religion similarly as a bolt punctures its objective and they won't come back to it similarly as the bolt does not come back to the bow."
-A portrayal ascribed to Abu Dharr reports:
"Allah's Messenger (saws) stated: Verily there would emerge from my Ummah after me a gathering (of individuals) who might discuss the Quran, yet it would not go past their throats, and they would go clean through their religion similarly as the bolt goes through the prey, and they could never return to it. They would be the most noticeably bad among the creation and the animals.”

Beliefs and practices:

Assassination attempts:

Among the surviving Kharijites, three of them assembled in Mecca to plot a tripartite death endeavor on Muawiyah I, 'Amr ibn al-'As and Ali. The death endeavors were to happen all the while as the three pioneers came to lead the morning supplication (Fajr) in their separate urban communities of Damascus, Fustat and Kufa. The strategy was to leave the supplication positions and hit the objectives with a sword plunged in poison.
Muawiya got away from the death endeavor with just minor wounds. Amr was wiped out and the delegate driving the petitions in his stead was martyred. Be that as it may, the strike on Ali by the professional killer, Abdur-Rahmaan ibn-Muljim, ended up being deadly. Ali was gravely harmed with a head wound and surrendered to his wounds a couple days later.
The conditions in which Ali was assaulted is liable to level headed discussion; a few researchers keep up that he was assaulted outside the mosque, others express that he was assaulted while starting the petition and still others emphasize that ibn-Muljim struck him halfway through the supplication while Ali was prostrating.
Every one of the professional killers were caught, attempted and sentenced to death as per Islamic laws.

Like-minded groups:

The Ibadis, a kindred early order with comparable convictions, frame most of the number of inhabitants in Oman (where they initially settled in 686), and there are littler groupings of them in the M'zab of Algeria, Djerba in Tunisia, the Nafusa Mountains in Libya, and Zanzibar.
In the present day period, various Muslim scholars and eyewitnesses have thought about the convictions and activities of the Islamic State (IS), al-Qaeda and similar gatherings to the Khawarij. specifically, the gatherings share the Kharijites' radical approach whereby self-depicted Muslims are pronounced unbelievers and in this way considered them deserving of death and their lack of engagement in Quranic calls for moderation. However, IS ministers firmly reject being contrasted with the Khawarij.
In the eighteenth century, Hanafi researcher Ibn Abidin proclaimed the Wahhabi development of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab as present day Khawarij.
As indicated by a few Muslims, (for example, Abu Amina Elias), Kharijites will "keep on causing strife" in the Muslim people group until End Times, and refer to a hadith (# 7123) from Sahih al-Bukhari in support of this.

Early Muslim governance:

The Khawarij considered the caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar to be appropriately guided yet trusted that Uthman had veered off from the way of equity and truth in the most recent days of his caliphate and consequently was at risk to be killed or uprooted. They likewise trusted that Ali conferred a grave sin when he conceded to the mediation with Muawiyah.
The Kharijites in this way considered the judges (Abu Musa Ashaari and 'Amr ibn al-'As), the pioneers who selected these authorities (Ali and Muawiyah I) and every one of the individuals who conceded to the mediation (all partners of Ali and Muawiyah]) as kuffar "skeptics", as they had broken the principles of the Qur'an. They likewise trusted that all members in the Battle of the Camel, including Talhah, Zubayr ibn al-Awam and Aisha had conferred a noteworthy sin.

Doctrinal differences with other sects:

Kharijites contrast with both Sunni or potentially Shiʿa on a few purposes of teaching:
Sunnis acknowledge Ali as the fourth properly guided Caliph and furthermore acknowledge the three Caliphs before him, who were chosen by their group. Shi'a trust that the imaamate was the privilege of Ali, and the control of the initial three Rashidun caliphs was unlawful. Kharijites demand that the caliph require not be from the Quraysh tribe, but rather any devout Muslim assigned by different Muslims was qualified to be the caliph.
Not at all like Sunni and Shia, Kharijites trusted that Muslims had the privilege and obligation to rebel against any ruler who veered off from their understanding of Islam, or, as per different translations, neglected to deal with Muslim's undertakings with equity and consultation or submitted a noteworthy sin.
Kharijites dismiss the teaching of trustworthiness for the pioneer of the Muslim people group as opposed to Shi'a yet in concurrence with Sunnis.
Not at all like the more extraordinary Kharijites, the Ibadis dismiss the murder of Uthman and additionally the Kharijite conviction that all Muslims holding contrasting perspectives were infidels.

Other doctrines:

Numerous Khawarij bunches trusted that the demonstration of erring is undifferentiated from kufr "skepticism" and that each grave delinquent was viewed as a kafir unless they apologize. They conjured the regulation of unrestrained choice, contrary to that of fate in their resistance to the Ummayad Caliphate, which held that Umayyad govern was appointed by God.
As per Islamic researcher and Islamist pioneer Abul A'la Maududi, utilizing the contention of "heathens are unbelievers", Kharijites impugned all the above Sahabah and even reviled and utilized harsh dialect against them. Other non-Khawarij Muslims were proclaimed doubters since they were not free of transgression but rather likewise in light of the fact that they viewed the previously mentioned Sahabah as devotees and religious pioneers, notwithstanding gathering fiqh from the hadith described by them.
The Khawarij considered the Qur'an as the hotspot for fiqh however differ about the other two sources (hadith and ijma).
In view of Kharijite verse compositions, researcher Ihsan Abbas discovers three classifications of center among them:
the powerful urge of Kharijites for affliction and kicking the bucket for God
nitty gritty portrayals of how Kharijites characterized a fair and devout ruler
their all inclusive propensity to accuse the self for neglecting to set up the past two categories.
On the premise of ladies battling nearby Muhammad, Khārijīs have seen battling jihad as a necessity for ladies. One popular illustration is the warrior and artist Laylā bint Ṭarīf.

Principal groups:

Azariqa, the followers of Abu Rasheed Nafi ibn al-Azraq
Najdat, the followers of Najdah ibn 'Amir
Ajardites, the followers of Abd al-Karim ibn Ajrad
Ibadis, the followers of Abd Allah ibn Ibad
Sufris, the followers of Ziyad ibn al-Asfar and Umran ibn Hattan