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Showing posts with label Biography/Autobiography/Bibliography. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Biography/Autobiography/Bibliography. Show all posts

Prodigal Genius | A Biography of Nikola Tesla | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

Tesla, Nikola O'Neill, John J. Intemperate Genius - The life of Nikola Tesla. London, Neville Spearman, 1968. 15 cm x 22,5 cm. (2), Frontispiece, (4), 326 pages. Unique Hardcover with unique dustjacket in defensive mylar. First Neville Spearman Edition. Some minor indications of foxing to the edges. Generally in excellent condition with just minor indications of outer wear. Nikola Tesla (10 July 1856 - 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American innovator, electrical architect, mechanical specialist, physicist, and futurist who is best known for his commitments to the structure of the advanced substituting flow (AC) power supply framework. Brought up in the Austrian Empire, Tesla got propelled instruction in designing and material science during the 1870s and increased reasonable involvement in the mid 1880s working in communication and at Continental Edison in the new electric power industry. He moved to the United States in 1884, where he would turn into a naturalized native. He worked for a brief span at the Edison Machine Works in New York City before he struck out without anyone else. With the assistance of accomplices to back and showcase his thoughts, Tesla set up labs and organizations in New York to build up a scope of electrical and mechanical gadgets. His rotating flow (AC) enlistment engine and related polyphase AC licenses, authorized by Westinghouse Electric in 1888, earned him a lot of cash and turned into the foundation of the polyphase framework which that organization would in the long run market.

The Crusades | The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land | Thomas Asbridge | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

The Crusades is a legitimate, open single-volume history of the severe battle for the Holy Land in the middle Ages. Thomas Asbridge—an eminent student of history who composes with "greatest striking quality" (Joan Acocella, The New Yorker) covers the years 1095 to 1291 in this enormous, driven, meaningful record of one of the most intriguing periods ever. From Richard the Lionheart to the compelling Saladin, from the sovereigns of Byzantium to the Knights Templar, Asbridge's book is a superb epic of Holy War between the Christian and Islamic universes, loaded with experience, interest, and clearing loftiness.
It was a quite dry perused I concede, however it appeared to be all around inquired about, putting 200 years of history in one book isn't simple, there was such a large number of things to cover and it oversaw great, it was dry no doubt yet not excess.
The book recounts to the story from the Muslim and Christian POV, switching things up each couple of sections, this is great since it gives such a wide perspective on what occurred and doesn't defame any side yet since it attempts to tell 200 years and from the two sides I felt that a few sections were somewhat bypassed, obviously you can't support that, the book is as of now 680 pages in length and likely could have been multiple times that with enough detail.
It's a decent outline, not great on the off chance that you are particularly inspired by one side or one campaign, yet for the general thought or a presentation is extraordinary.

The Concise Dictionary of American Jewish Biography | Jacob Rader Marcus | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

A true to life word reference containing approximately 24,000 brief accounts of American Jews. The names of these people were taken from standard hotspots for American Jewish life story, with extra data (and extra names) from such sources as Who Was Who in America and Notable American Women . A more drawn out section may incorporate accurate dates of birth and demise, a total history of the instruction, the most significant achievements, the wellsprings of data, and a reference to the eulogy. Every section finishes up with each source utilized for that passage. An exertion was made to incorporate just dead Jews; the special cases can peruse what the editors said of them in their antemortem depictions. Comment copyright Book News, Inc. Portland.

The Autobiography of Malcolm X | As Told to Alex Haley | Alex Haley and Malcolm X | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

The Autobiography of Malcolm X was distributed in 1965, the aftereffect of a cooperation between human rights dissident Malcolm X and columnist Alex Haley. Haley coauthored the personal history dependent on a progression of top to bottom meetings he led among 1963 and Malcolm X's 1965 death. The Autobiography is an otherworldly change story that blueprints Malcolm X's way of thinking of dark pride, dark patriotism, and dish Africanism. After the pioneer was murdered, Haley composed the book's epilogue He depicted their community oriented procedure and the occasions toward the finish of Malcolm X's life.
While Malcolm X and researchers contemporary to the book's distribution viewed Haley as the book's professional writer, current researchers will in general see him as a basic colleague. They state he purposefully quieted his authorial voice to make the impact of Malcolm X talking straightforwardly to perusers. Haley impacted some of Malcolm X's artistic decisions. For instance, Malcolm X left the Nation of Islamduring the period when he was taking a shot at the book with Haley. As opposed to revamping before sections as a questioning against the Nation which Malcolm X had rejected, Haley induced him to support a style of "anticipation and show". As indicated by Manning Marable, "Haley was especially stressed over what he saw as Malcolm X's enemy of Semitism" and he revamped material to take out it.
At the point when the Autobiography was distributed, The New York Times analyst portrayed it as a "splendid, agonizing, significant book". In 1967, student of history John William Ward composed that it would turn into an exemplary American life account. In 1998, Time named The Autobiography of Malcolm X as one of ten "required perusing" true to life books. James Baldwin and Arnold Perl adjusted the book as a film; their screenplay gave the source material to Spike Lee's 1992 film Malcolm X.

Swami Nikhilananda | A Biography by Swami Nikhilananda | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

A retaining account of Swami Vivekananda (1863 - 1902) that exhibits his huge information of Eastern and Western culture, profound otherworldly knowledge, splendid discussion, wide human compassion, and brilliant character. Swami Vivekananda, India's first otherworldly and social represetative toward the West, declared the widespread message of Vedanta: the non-duality of the Godhead, the godlikeness of the spirit, the unity of presence, and the agreement of religions. This 256 page book subtleties the life of Swami Vivekananda and contains 28 photos, just as, an addendum containing the Swami's most significant lessons.
Swami Nikhilananda (1895–1973), conceived Dinesh Chandra Das Gupta was an immediate follower of Sri Sarada Devi. In 1933, he established the Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center of New York, a part of Ramakrishna Mission, and remained its head until his demise in 1973. A cultivated essayist and scholar, Nikhilananda's most noteworthy commitment was the interpretation of Sri Ramakrishna Kathamrita from Bengali into English distributed under the title The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna (1942).
Swami Nikhilananda was conceived in 1895 in Durga pur town in present Bangladesh (British India) , and had his instruction in the University of Calcutta. As an alumni he picked the calling of news coverage. He at that point joined the Indian opportunity development and was detained for a period in a British jail camp.
As a kid, through his devout guardians, he ended up familiar with the lessons of Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda. These lessons established a permanent connection on his young personality and acquired him contact with the immediate followers of Ramakrishna. He was started by Holy Mother. He likewise met the immediate pupils of Ramakrishna, Swamis Brahmananda, Saradananda, Shivananda, Turiyananda, Premananda, Akhandananda, Abhedananda just as Mahendranath Gupta, the recorder of Kathamrita among others.
In the wake of coming into their impact, he surrendered his job as an opportunity contender and revoked the world to join the Ramakrishna Order. As a Brahmachari, for a long time he committed himself to the investigation of the sacred texts under prominent instructors, rehearsed otherworldly teaches, and served the Order in different limits, until, in 1931, he was deputed by the Order to come to America as one of its agents. In 1933 he established the Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center in New York. Nikhilananda was viewed as a splendid speaker and was welcome to address at various colleges, holy places, and synagogues, and to take an interest in between religious gatherings East and West. He served at the Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center till his demise in 1973. Nikhilananda made significant commitments to the writing of Ramakrishna development. He likewise pulled in recognized supporters, including creator JD Salinger, Margaret Woodrow Wilson, little girl of the president Woodrow Wilson, the similar mythologist Professor Joseph Campbell, and Chester Carlson, designer of xerographic process. Philosopher Lex Hixon was Nikhilananda's pupil.

Surely You're Joking Mr. Feynman | Adventures of a Curious Character | Richard P. Feynman | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

Richard Feynman, victor of the Nobel Prize in material science, blossomed with ridiculous undertakings. Here he describes in his supreme voice his experience exchanging thoughts on nuclear material science with Einstein and Bohr and thoughts on betting with Nick the Greek; splitting the uncrackable safes guarding the most profoundly held atomic insider facts; going with an artful dance on his bongo drums; painting a bare female toreador. To put it plainly, here is Feynman's life in the entirety of its capricious—a burnable blend of high insight, boundless interest, and seething chutzpah.
Without a doubt You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!": Adventures of a Curious Character is an altered gathering of memories by the Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman. The book, discharged in 1985, covers an assortment of examples throughout Feynman's life. Some are cheerful in tone, for example, his interest with safe-breaking, concentrating different dialects, taking part with gatherings of individuals who offer various interests, (for example, science or reasoning), and wanders into craftsmanship and samba music. Others spread progressively genuine material, including his work on the Manhattan Project (during which his first spouse Arline Greenbaum passed on of tuberculosis) and his study of the science training framework in Brazil. The segment "Beast Minds" portrays his marginally anxious introduction of his alumni chip away at the Wheeler–Feynman safeguard hypothesis before Albert Einstein, Wolfgang Pauli, Henry Norris Russell, John von Neumann, and other significant figures of the time.
The accounts were altered from taped discussions that Feynman had with his dear companion and drumming accomplice Ralph Leighton. Its unexpected achievement prompted a spin-off entitled What Do You Care What Other People Think?, additionally taken from Leighton's taped discussions. Most likely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman! sold in excess of 500,000 copies.
The end part, "Load Cult Science," is adjusted from the location that Feynman gave during the 1974 initiation practices at the California Institute of Technology. The title gets from a lady's reaction at Princeton University when, after she asked the recently arrived Feynman on the off chance that he needed cream or lemon in his tea, he absentmindedly mentioned both.

The Glass Castle | A Memoir | Jeannette Walls | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

The Glass Castle is a 2005 journal by Jeannette Walls. The book describes the capricious, destitution stricken childhood Walls and her kin had because of their profoundly broken guardians. The title alludes to her dad's for some time held expectation of structure his fantasy house, a glass palace.
The journal went through more than 260 weeks in hardcover on The New York Times Best Seller list and it stays on the rundown (presently in soft cover structure) as of the rundown dated June 3, 2018, having continued for 421 weeks. By late 2007, The Glass Castle had sold over 2.7 million duplicates, had been converted into 22 dialects, and got the Christopher Award, the American Library Association's Alex Award(2006) and the Books for Better Living Award.
The Glass Castle was adjusted as a component film, discharged in the late spring of 2017.
Central purchased the movie rights to The Glass Castle, and in March 2013 declared that entertainer Jennifer Lawrence would play Jeannette Walls in the motion picture adaptation. In August 2014, it was reported that Destin Daniel Cretton was set to direct. On October 9, 2015, it was accounted for that Lawrence pulled back from the movie. Lionsgate gained the film rights from Paramount and Brie Larson was given a role as Jeannette Walls. Naomi Watts and Woody Harrelson were given a role as Rose Mary and Rex Walls, individually, with Gil Netter delivering. Recording started May 20, 2016 in Welch, West Virginia. The film was discharged August 11, 2017, to blended audits applauding the exhibitions while taking note of the film's general uneven tone.

The Hebraic Biography of Yshua | Prof. Dr Liebenberg WA | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

This Revelation Bible Study Book Series joined into ONE VOLUME is adding measurement to Jewish History, Jewish Religion, and John's amazing experience into the future, and just escapes generally discourses...
The Complete Book Explained Verse-by-Verse
This astounding volume takes you stanza by-refrain through the whole Book of Revelation, yet clarify stunning Hebraic ideas and unimaginable secrets as no other book, model:
The importance of the 22 letters of the Hebrew Alphabet is encoded into the 22 parts of the Book of Revelation. Every Hebrew letter has an uncommon pictograph, which means and is stacked with Jewish shrewdness. The dazzling Hebrew Alphabet is not normal for some other letter set. It's anything but an indiscriminate accumulation of consonants. The individual names and hints of the letters, their numerical gematria, and their realistic portrayals have been Divinely appointed by GOD and is covered in Revelation. Hence, the way to really understanding Revelation lies in the extremely valuable 22 Hebrew letters which make a skeletal blueprint. Each letter has a given importance and The Revelation fits in with that layout which without a doubt affirms right principle, an educational disclosure. It likewise demonstrates that not everything in The Revelation is ordered as it pursues the Hebrew Alphabet's example which can't be controlled. Through the sections the creator demonstrates how GOD took part in the mystery position of every part of Revelation. This 'concealed example' ponder demonstrates a Divine plan and causes you with the uncommon gift "on the off chance that you read and hear (get) it" (Rev 1:3), off base the main Book in the Bible that offers this gift. This, in the event that I may, is strong Jewish Bible Study, edifying for gave Christians, and up to now, unbelievable!

The Last Black Unicorn | Tiffany Haddish | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

From stand-up humorist, on-screen character, and breakout star of Girls Trip, Tiffany Haddish, comes The Last Black Unicorn, a hilarious, insane, tense, and courageous gathering of (very) individual papers, as intrepid as the creator herself.
Experiencing childhood in perhaps the most unfortunate neighborhood of South Central Los Angeles, Tiffany figured out how to make due by making individuals giggle. In the event that she could do that, at that point her cohorts would let her duplicate their schoolwork, the other encourage kids she lived with wouldn't pound her, and she may even get a sweetheart. Or if nothing else she could profit—as the paid school mascot and popular Bar Mitzvah publicity lady—to complete her hair and nails, so then she may get a beau.
None of that worked (she's as yet single), yet it enabled Tiffany to envision a spot for herself where she could accomplish something she adored professionally: parody.
Tiffany can't abstain from being interesting—it's exactly her identity, regardless of whether she's plotting stunning, stunning vengeance on an ex or figuring out how to deal with her freshly discovered popularity in spite of as yet having a broke individual's attitude. At long last ready to turn into a commonly recognized name, she relates with heart and silliness how she originated from nothing and no place to accomplish her fantasies by owning, sharing, and utilizing her agony to mend others.
By turns entertaining, messy, and severely fair, The Last Black Unicorn demonstrates the world who Tiffany Haddish truly is—modest, appreciative, sensible, and amusing as damnation. What's more, presently, she's prepared to move others through the intensity of giggling.

The Life and Times of Cotton Mather | Rev. Abijha P | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

The early American Congregational clergyman and creator Cotton Mather (1663-1728), recalled for the most part for his investment in the Salem witch preliminaries, is maybe the best and most misconstrued figure in pre-progressive American history. Mather accepted his primary reason in life was to do great and he committed his life to asking, lecturing, and composing, in the end distributing in excess of 400 works.
Cotton Mather/ˈmæðər/FRS (February 12, 1663 – February 13, 1728; A.B. 1678, Harvard College; A.M. 1681, privileged doctorate 1710, University of Glasgow) was a New England Puritan serve, productive creator, and pamphleteer. He left a logical inheritance because of his hybridization examinations and his advancement of immunization for malady counteractive action, however he is most much of the time recollected today for his inclusion in the Salem witch preliminaries. He was hence prevented the administration from securing Harvard College which his dad, Increase Mather, had held.
In 1721, Mather distributed The Christian Philosopher, the principal orderly book on science distributed in America. Mather endeavored to demonstrate how Newtonian science and religion were in congruity. It was to some degree dependent on Robert Boyle's The Christian Virtuoso (1690). Mather purportedly took motivation from Hayy ibn Yaqdhan, by the twelfth century Islamic logician Abu Bakr Ibn Tufail.
Regardless of denouncing the "Mahometans" as heathens, Mather saw the novel's hero, Hayy, as a model for his optimal Christian scholar and monotheistic researcher. Mather saw Hayy as a respectable savage and connected this with regards to endeavoring to comprehend the Native American Indians, so as to change over them to Puritan Christianity. Mather's short treatise on the Lord's Supper was later interpreted by his cousin Josiah Cotton.

The Life of John Milton | A Critical Biography | Revised Edition | Barbara Kiefer Lewalski | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

Giving a nearby examination of Milton's wide-going exposition and verse at each phase of his life, Barbara Lewalski uncovers a somewhat unique Milton from that in prior records.
Gives a nearby investigation of every one of Milton's composition and verse works.
Uncovers how Milton was simply the primary essayist deliberately build himself as a 'writer'.
Giving a nearby examination of Milton's wide-extending writing and verse at each phase of his life, Barbara Lewalski uncovers a fairly unique Milton from that in prior records.
Provides a nearby examination of every one of Milton's exposition and verse works.
Reveals how Milton was simply the main essayist intentionally build himself as a 'writer'.
Focuses on the advancement of Milton's thoughts and his craft.
Distress sets you up for satisfaction. It savagely clears everything out of your home, with the goal that new bliss can discover space to enter. It shakes the yellow leaves from the branch of your heart, so new, green leaves can develop in their place. It pulls up the spoiled roots, with the goal that new roots covered up underneath have space to develop. Whatever distress shakes from your heart, far superior things will have their spot. " - Rumi
Account. Version not noted, plausible first. Dark material spreads scoured, corners and spine closes delicately knock, moderate edge wear. Inside spotless and tight, pages conditioned, top edge dusty.

Dilip Kumar | The Substance And The Shadow | An Autobiography

A real, genuine and convincing account – straight from the pony's mouth – that uncovers just because various obscure parts of the life and times of perhaps the best legend ever who stands out as an image of mainstream India. Dilip Kumar (conceived as Yousuf Khan), who started as a timid learner in Hindi film in the mid 1940s, proceeded to achieve the zenith of fame inside a brief span. He thought of hypnotizing exhibitions in a single hit film after another – in his very nearly six-decade-long profession – based on his inventive ability, assurance, diligent work and never amazing.
In this one of a kind volume, Dilip Kumar follows his adventure directly from his introduction to the world to the present. All the while, he truly describes his connections and associations with a wide assortment of individuals not just from his family and the film club yet in addition from different backgrounds, including government officials. While trying to sort the record out, as he feels that a ton of what has been expounded on him so far is 'loaded with contortions and falsehood', he describes, in realistic detail, how he got hitched to Saira Banu, which peruses like a fantasy!
Dilip Kumar relates, unassumingly, the occasion that transformed him: his gathering with Devika Rani, the supervisor of Bombay Talkies, when she extended to him an acting employment opportunity. His first film was Jwar Bhata (1944). He subtleties how he needed to take in everything starting with no outside help and how he needed to build up his own unmistakable drama and style, which would separate him from his counterparts. From that point forward, he before long took off to incredible statures with films, for example, Jugnu, Shaheed, Mela, Andaz, Deedar, Daag and Devdas. In these films he played the tragedian with such power that his mind was unfavorably influenced. He counseled a British therapist, who exhorted him to switch over to parody. The outcome was fantastic exhibitions in chuckle mobs, for example, Azaad and Kohinoor, aside from a sparkling depiction as a coarse tonga driver in Naya Daur. Following a five-year break he began his 'second innings' with Kranti (1981), after which he showed up in a progression of hits, for example, Vidhaata, Shakti, Mashaal, Karma, Saudagar and Qila.

The Utopian Communist | A Biography of Wilhelm Weitling | Carl Wittke | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

Idealistic communism is a name used to characterize the primary flows of present day communist idea as exemplified by crafted by Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier, Étienne Cabet and Robert Owen.
Idealistic communism is frequently depicted as the introduction of dreams and blueprints for nonexistent or cutting edge perfect social orders, with positive beliefs being the fundamental explanation behind moving society in such a heading. Later communists and commentators of idealistic communism saw "idealistic communism" as not being grounded in real material states of existing society and now and again as reactionary. These dreams of perfect social orders contended with Marxist-motivated progressive social popularity based movements. The term is regularly connected to those communists who lived in the main quarter of the nineteenth century who were credited the name "idealistic" by later communists as a pejorative so as to suggest innocence and to expel their thoughts as whimsical and unrealistic. A comparative way of thinking that developed in the mid twentieth century is moral communism, which puts forth the defense for communism on good grounds.
In any case, one key distinction between idealistic communists and different communists (counting most rebels) is that idealistic communists by and large don't accept any type of class battle or political unrest is fundamental for communism to develop. Utopians accept that individuals of all classes can deliberately embrace their arrangement for society on the off chance that it is introduced convincingly. They feel their type of helpful communism can be built up among similarly invested individuals inside the current society and that their little networks can show the practicality of their arrangement for society.

Without Disclosing My True Identity | The Authorized and Official Biography of the Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith, Jr. | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

Without Disclosing My True Identity –
The Authorized and Official Biography of the Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith, Jr.
In the late-winter of 1820, Joseph Smith, Jr., professed to have had an encounter not at all like some other at any point recorded in mankind's history. In his own words he states:
"At the point when the light refreshed upon me I saw two Personages, whose brilliance and greatness oppose all portrayal, remaining above me noticeable all around. One of them spake unto me, calling me by name and stated, indicating the other—This is My Beloved Son. Hear Him!" (JS-H 1:17)
Joseph Smith vouched for the world that two restored people introduced themselves before him, whom the remainder of the world would perceive as God, the Father and His Son, Jesus, the Christ.
Later in 1823, three years subsequent to getting what has turned out to be known as the First Vision, Joseph was again visited by a revived individual, who called himself Moroni:
He called me by name, and said unto me that he was an errand person sent from the nearness of God to me, and that his name was Moroni; that God had a work for me to do; and that my name ought to be had for good and malevolence among all countries, kindreds, and tongues, or that it ought to be both great and insidiousness discussed among all individuals. He said there was a book stored, composed upon gold plates, giving a record of the previous occupants of this landmass, and the source from whence they sprang. He likewise said that the totality of the everlasting Gospel was contained in it, as conveyed by the Savior to the antiquated occupants. (JS-H 1:33–34).
In both of these extraordinary encounters, Joseph Smith vouches for the world that there are individuals who have once lived upon this world, who passed on, and who were breathed life into back (restored) as cutting edge and unceasing people. These were the primary recorded occasions that established the framework for a religious conviction framework referred to all through the world as the Mormons—the biggest and most dominant group of Mormonism being the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS).
Joseph's own observer of these two occasions set up a request and convention of how perfect intercession happens among cutting edge and interminable people and the humans upon this world. There is no other significant religion on the planet that accepts that other people (except for Jesus, the Christ, who once lived upon the earth) have revived and come back to the earth to educate different humans. With his very own declaration, Joseph Smith has delineated the official and ONLY approved way where truth can be set up upon this world. All together for genuine truth to be built up, a completely revived being must come back to the earth and start its foundation. Without following this convention, no other work can be considered official and approved.

Who Was Jacques Derrida | An Intellectual Biography | David Mikics | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

Who Was Jacques Derrida? is the main scholarly life story of Derrida, the principal full-scale evaluation of his vocation, his impact, and his philosophical roots. It is likewise the main endeavor to characterize his urgent significance as the represetative of hypothesis, the marvel that has affected scholarly life in the humanities. Mikics clearly and delicately portrays for the general peruser Derrida's profound association with his Jewish roots. He compactly characterizes his vision of reasoning as an order that opposes brain research. While bringing up the imperfections of that vision and Derrida's treachery of his most stubbornly elucidated convictions, Mikics eventually infers that Derrida was neither so splendidly right nor so severely off-base as his fans and pundits, separately, guaranteed.

Venerable Acariya Mun [with Photographs] | A Spiritual Biography | Acariya Maha Boowa Nanasampanno | Biography Book in PDF Free Download

Respected Ācariya Mun Bhūridatta Thera is a transcending figure in contemporary Thai Buddhism. He was broadly loved and regarded during his lifetime for the uncommon mental fortitude and assurance he showed in rehearsing the plain lifestyle and for his firm severity in showing his numerous supporters. During the a long time since his demise, he has expected a lifted up status in Buddhist circles and hence remains a dominating nearness whose life and lessons have turned out to be synonymous with the Buddha's respectable mission for self-change. In late decades, he has picked up acknowledgment past the limits of his local land as one of the twentieth century's genuinely extraordinary religious figures. The account of Ācariya Mun's life is a clear picture of a quintessential otherworldly warrior unmatched in present day times who rehearsed the Buddha's way to opportunity with such flawlessness that he left the individuals who knew and loved him in most likely that he genuinely was a Noble supporter.

Prophet of Islam | Nuh (Noah) | The Birth of Prophet Nuh (Noah) | The Story of Nuh (Noah)

Nuh (Noah) - Variations on the Birth-Year of Noah

He was Noah Ibn Lamik, Ibn Mitoshilkh, Ibn Enoch, Ibn Yard, Ibn Mahlabeel, Ibn Qinan, Ibn Anoush, Ibn Seth, Ibn Adam the Father of Mankind.
According to the history of the People of the Book , ("People of the Book" refers to the Jews and Christians, so-called by Allah because they received Revealed Books, the Taurat, Zabur, and Injeel. These names are translated "Torah", "Psalms", and "Gospels", respectively, but the books that are extant are corrupt. Of the Revealed Books, only the Qur'an remains exactly as it was revealed) the period between the birth of Noah and the death of Adam was one hundred forty-six years (According to Genesis 5, New Revised Standard version, Noah was born one hundred twenty six years after the death of Adam).
Thn Abbas narrated that Prophet Muhammad said: "The period between Adam and Noah was ten centuries." (According to Genesis 5, New Revised Standard version, Noah was born 1056 years after Adam's creation, or after he left the Garden of Eden. Thus, this hadith does not contradict the previous statement from the People of the Book, as it may first appear to do. The reader should keep in mind, however, that any statements or narratives taken from the People of the Book are not necessarily credible.)

Nuh (Noah) - Noah's Reasoning with His People

Allah in His mercy sent His messenger Noah to guide his people. Noah was an excellent speaker and a very patient man. He pointed out to his people the mysteries of life and the wonders of the universe. He pointed out how the night is regularly followed by the day and that the balance between these opposites was designed by Allah the Almighty for our good. The night gives coolness and rest while the day gives warmth and awakens activity. The sun encourages growth, keeping all plants and animals alive, while the moon and stars assist in the reckoning of time, direction and seasons. He pointed out that the ownership of the heavens and the earth belongs only to the Divine Creator.
Therefore, he explained to his people, there cannot have been more than one deity. He clarified to them how the devil had deceived them for so long and that the time had come for this deceit to stop. Noah spoke to them of Allah's glorification of man, how He had created him and provided him with sustenance and the blessings of a mind. He told them that idol worshipping was a suffocating injustice to the mind. He warned them not to worship anyone but Allah and described the terrible punishment Allah would mete out if they continued in their evil ways.

Nuh (Noah) - Noah's Appeal to His People

Allah the Almighty related what Noah faced: "Verily, We sent Noah to his people (saying): "Warn your people before there comes to them a painful torment."
He said: "0 my people! Verily, I am a plain warner to you, that you should worship Allah (Alone), be dutiful to Him, and obey me. He (Allah) will forgive you of your sins and respite you to an appointed term. Verily, the term of Allah when it comes, cannot be delayed, if you but knew."
He said: "0 my Lord! Verily, I have called my people night and day (i.e. secretly and openly to accept the doctrine of Islamic Monotheism), but all my calling added nothing but to (their) flight (from the truth). And verily! Every time I called unto them that You might forgive them, they thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up with their garments, and persisted (in their refusal), and magnified themselves in pride. Then verily, I called to them openly (aloud); then verily, I proclaimed to them in public, and I have appealed to them in private, I said (to them): 'Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving; He will send rain to you in abundance; and give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.
What is the matter with you, that you fear not Allah (His Punishment), and you hope not for reward (from Allah or you believe not in His Oneness). While He has created you in (different) stages (first Nutfah, then Alaqa, and then Mudgha -see Surah 23: 13-14)
See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another, and has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp? And Allah has brought you forth from the (dust of) earth. Afterwards He will return you into it (the earth), and bring you forth (again on the Day of Resurrection) And Allah has made for you the earth wide spread (an expanse) that you may go about therein in broad roads."
Noah said: "My Lord! They have disobeyed me, and followed one whose wealth and children give him no increase but only loss. And they have plotted a mighty plot. And they have said: 'You shall not leave your gods, nor shall you leave Wadd, nor Suwa, nor Yaghuth, nor Yauq nor Nasr (names of the idols). And indeed they have led many astray. And (0 Allah)! Grant no increase to the Zalimeen (polytheists, wrong-doers, and disbelievers, etc.) save error."
Because of their sins they were drowned, then were made to enter the Fire, and they found none to help them instead of Allah. Surah 71: 1-25

Nuh (Noah) - The Length of Noah's Preaching

Noah continued to call his people to believe in Allah for nine hundred fifty years. Allah the Almighty said: And indeed We sent Noah to his people, and he stayed among them a thousand years less fifty years (inviting them to believe in the Oneness of Allah (Monotheism), and discard the false gods and other deities). Surah 29: 14
It happened that every passing generation admonished the succeeding one not to believe Noah and to wage war against him. The father used to teach his child about the matter that was between himself and Noah and counsel him to reject his call when he reached adulthood. Their natural disposition rejected believing and following the truth.
Noah saw that the number of believers was not increasing, while that of the disbelievers was. He was sad for his people, but he never reached the point of despair.

Nuh (Noah) - The Number of Believers

Noah's wife was not a believer with him, so she did not join him; neither did one of Noah's sons, who was secretly a disbeliever but had pretended faith in front of Noah. Likewise most of the people were disbelievers and did not go on board.
The scholars (Ulama) hold different opinions on the number of those who were with Noah on the ship. Ibn Abbas stated that ther were eighty believers, while Ka'ab Al-Ahbar held that there were seventy-two. Others claimed that there were ten believers with Noah.

Nuh (Noah) - The Flood Begins

The ship was constructed, and Noah sat waiting Allah's command. Allah revealed to him that when water miraculously gushed forth from the oven at Noah's house, that would be the sign of the start of the flood, the sign for Noah to act.
The terrible day arrived when the oven at Noah's house overflowed. Noah hurried to open the ark and summon the believers. He also took with him a pair, male and female, of every type of animal, bird and insect. Seeing him taking these creatures to the ark, the people laughed loudly: "Noah must have gone out of his head! What is he going to do with the animals?"
Almighty Allah narrated: (So it was) till then there came Our Command and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth). We said: "Embark therein, of each kind two (male and female), and your family, except him against whom the Word has already gone forth, and those who believe." And none believed him, except a few. Surah 11: 40

Nuh (Noah) - Noah Appeals to His Son

Allah told the story thus: And he (Noah) said: "Embark therein, in the Name of Allah will be its moving course and its resting anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." So it (the ship) sailed with them amidst the waves like mountains, and Noah called out to his son, who had separated himself (apart), "0 my son! Embark with us and be not with the disbelievers." The son replied: "I will betake myself to a mountain, it will save me from the water." Noah said: "This day there is no savior from the Decree of Allah except him on whom He has mercy." And a wave came in between them, so he (the son) was among the drowned.
And Noah called upon his Lord and said, "0 my Lord! Verily, my son is of my family! And certainly, Your Promise is true, and You are the Most Just of the judges." He said: "0 Noah! Surely, he is not of your family; verily, his work is unrighteous, so ask not of Me that of which you have no knowledge! I admonish you, lest you be one of the ignorants."
Noah said: "0 my Lord! I seek refuge with You from asking You that of which I have no knowledge. And unless You forgive me and have Mercy on me, I would indeed be one of the losers." Surah 11: 45-47

Nuh (Noah) - Noah Prays for the Disbeleivers' End

There came a day when Allah revealed to Noah that no others would believe. Allah inspired him not to grieve for them, at which point Noah prayed that the disbelievers be destroyed. He said: 'My Lord! Leave not one of the disbelievers on the earth. If you leave them, they will mislead Your slaves, and they will beget none but wicked disbelievers." Surah 71:27
Allah accepted Noah's prayer. The case was closed, and He passed His judgment on the disbelievers in the form of a flood. Allah the Exalted ordered His worshiper Noah to build an ark with His knowledge and instructions, and with the help of angels. Almighty Allah commanded: "And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Inspiration, and address Me not on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned." Surah 11: 37

Nuh (Noah) - Noah Builds the Ark

Noah chose a place outside the city, far from the sea. He collected wood and tools and began to work day and night to build the ark. The people's mockery continued: "0 Noah! Does carpentry appeal to you more than prophethood? Why are you building an ark so far from the sea? Are you going to drag it to the water or is the wind going to carry it for you?" Noah replied: 'You will come to know who will be put to shame and suffer."
Allah the Almighty narrated: And as he was constructing the ship, whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they made a mockery of him. He said: "If you mock at us, so do we mock at you likewise for your mocking. And you will know who it is on whom will come a torment that will cover him with disgrace and on whom will fall a lasting torment. " Surah 11:38-392

Nuh (Noah) - Noah's Death

The Quran draws the curtain on Noah's story. We do not know how his affairs with his people continued. All we know or can ascertain is that on his deathbed, he requested his son to worship Allah alone. Noah then passed away.
Abdullah Ibn Amru Ibn Alaas narrated that Prophet Muhammad said: "When the death of the Messenger of Allah Noah approached, he admonished his sons: 'Indeed I would give you far-reaching advice, commanding you to do two things, and warning you against doing two as well. I charge you (to believe) that there is no god but Allah and that if the seven heavens and the seven earths were put on one side of a scale and the words 'There is no god but Allah' were put on the other, the latter would outweigh the former. And I warn you against associating partners with Allah and against pride.'"
Some traditions said that his grave is in the Sacred Mosque in Mecca (Makkah), while others said that he was buried in Baalabak, a city in Iraq.

Prophet of Islam | Ayoub (Job) | The Birth of Prophet Ayoub (Job) | The Story of Ayoub (Job)

Job's Family History

Ibn Ishaaq stated that he was a man of Rum. His name was Job, Ibn Mose, Ibn Razeh, Ibn Esau, Ibn Isaac , Ibn Abraham . Someone else said he was Job, Ibn Mose, Ibn Rimil, Ibn Esau, Ibn Isaac, Ibn Jacob. There have also been other statements on his lineage. Ibn Asaker narrated that his mother was a daughter of Lot . It was said, also, that his father was one who believed in Abraham when he was cast into the fire.
The first opinion is the most plausable, because he was a descendant of Abraham's offspring as Allah Almighty declared: And that was Our proof which We gave Abraham against his people. We raise whom We will in degrees. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing. And We bestowed upon him Isaac and Jacob, each of them We guided, and before him, We guided Noah, and among his progeny David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron. Thus do We reward the good-doers. Surah 6: 83-84

Allah's Praises of Job

Allah the Almighty praised His worshiper Job in His Glorious Qur'an: Truly! We found him patient. How excellent (a) slave! Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance (to Us)! Surah 38: 44
Job was repentant, remembering Allah with thankfulness, patience, and steadfastness. This was the cause of his rescue and the secret of Allah's praising him.
A group of angels were discussing Allah's other human creatures, how those who were humble earned Allah's pleasure, while those who were arrogant incurred His displeasure. One of the angels remarked: 'The best creature on earth today is Job, a man of noble character who displays great patience and always remembers his Generous Lord. He is an excellent model for the worshipers of Allah. In return, his Lord has blessed him with a long life and plenty of riches, yet he is never haughty or selfish. His family, his servants, as well as the needy and the poor share in his good fortune; he feeds and clothes the poor and buys slaves to set them free. He makes those who receive his charity feel as if they are favoring him, so kind and gentle is he."

Iblis's Jealousy of Job

Iblis, overhearing all this, became annoyed. He planned to tempt Job to corruption and disbelief, so he hastened to him. He tried to distract Job from his prayers by whispering to him about the good things in life, but Job was a true believer and would not let evil thoughts tempt him. This disturbed Iblis more; thus he began to hate Job even more.

Iblis Destroys Job's Wealth

Iblis complained to Allah about Job. He said that although he was continuously glorifying Allah, he was not doing so out of his sincerity but to satisfy Allah so that his wealth should not be taken away. It was all a show, all out of greed. "If You remove his wealth then You will find that his tongue will no longer mention Your name and his praying will stop."
Allah told Iblis that Job was one of His most sincere devotees. He did not worship Him because of the favors; his worship stemmed from his heart and had nothing to do with material things. But to prove to Iblis the depth of Job's sincerity and patience, Allah allowed him to do whatever he and his helpers wished with Job's wealth.
Iblis was very happy. He gathered his helpers and set about destroying Job's cattle, servants, and farms until he was left with no possessions. Rubbing his hands in glee, Iblis appeared before Job in the guise of a wise old man and said to him: "All your wealth is lost. Some people say that it is because you gave too much charity and that you are wasting your time with your continuous prayers to Allah. Others say that Allah has brought this upon you in order to please your enemies. If Allah had the capacity to prevent harm, then He would have protected your wealth."
True to his belief, Job replied: "What Allah has taken away from me belongs to Him. I was only its trustee for a while. He gives to whom He wills and withholds from whom He wills." With these words, Job again prostrated to his Lord.

Iblis Destroys Job's Children

When Iblis saw this, he felt frustrated, so he again addressed Allah: "I have stripped Job of all his possessions, but he still remains grateful to You. However, he is only hiding his disappointment, for he places great store by his many children. The real test of a parent is through his children. You will then see how Job will reject You."
Allah granted Iblis authority, but warned him that it would not reduce Job's faith in his Lord nor his patience.
Iblis again gathered his helpers and set about his evil deeds. He shook the foundation of the house in which Job's children were living and sent the building crashing, killing all of them. Then he went to Job disguised as a man who had come to sympathize with him. In a comforting tone he said to Job: 'The circumstances under which your children died were sad. Surely, your Lord is not rewarding you properly for all your prayers." Having said this, Iblis waited anxiously, hoping Job was now ready to reject Allah.
But again Job disappointed him by replying: "Allah sometimes gives and sometimes takes. He is sometimes pleased and sometimes displeased with our deeds. Whether a thing is beneficial or harmful to me, I will remain firm in my belief and remain thankful to my Creator." Then Job prostrated to his Lord. At this Iblis was extremely vexed.

Iblis Destroys Job's Health

Iblis again called on Allah. "0 my Lord, Job's wealth is gone, his children are dead, but he is still healthy in body, and as long as he enjoys good health he will continue to worship You in the hope of regaining his wealth and producing more children. Grant me authority over his body so that I may weaken it. He will surely neglect worshipping You and will thus become disobedient."
Allah wanted to teach Iblis a lesson that Job was a devoted servant of his Lord, so He granted Iblis his third request but placed a condition: "I give you authority over his body but not over his soul, intellect, or heart, for in these places reside the knowledge of Me and My religion."
Armed with this new authority, Iblis began to take revenge on Job's body and filled it with disease until it was reduced to mere skin and bone and he suffered severe pain. But through all the suffering Job remained strong in his faith, patiently bearing all the hardships without complaining. Allah's righteous servant did not despair or turn to others for help but remained hopeful of Allah's mercy. Even close relatives and friends deserted him. Only his kind, loving wife stayed with him. In his hour of need, she showered her kindness on him and cared for him. She remained his sole companion and comforter through the many years of his suffering.

Job's Life - Summary

Ibn Asaker narrated: "Job was a man having much wealth of all kinds: beasts, slaves, sheep, vast lands of Haran and many children. All those favors were taken from him and he was physically afflicted as well. Never a single organ was sound except his heart and tongue, with both of which he glorified Allah, the Almighty all the time day and night. His disease lasted for a long time until his visitors felt disgusted with him. His friends kept away from him, and people abstained from visiting him. No one felt sympathy for him except his wife. She took good care of him, knowing his former charity and pity for her."

Job's Prayer for Mercy

Therefore, Iblis became desperate. He consulted his helpers, but they could not advise him. They asked: "How is it that your cleverness cannot work against Job, yet you succeeded in misleading Adam, the father of man, out of Paradise?"
Iblis went to Job's wife in the form of a man. "Where is your husband?" he asked her.
She pointed to an almost lifeless form crumpled on the bed and said: 'There he is, suspended between life and death."
Iblis reminded her of the days when Job had good health, wealth and children. Suddenly, the painful memory of years of hardship overcame her, and she burst into tears. She said to Job: "How long are you going to bear this torture from our Lord? Are we to remain without wealth, children or friends forever? Why don't you call upon Allah to remove this suffering?"
Job sighed, and in a soft voice replied: "Iblis must have whispered to you and made you dissatisfied. Tell me, how long did I enjoy good health and riches?"
She replied: "For eighty years."
Then Job asked: "How long am I suffering like this?"
She said: "For seven years.''
Job then told her: "In that case I am ashamed to call on my Lord to remove the hardship, for I have not suffered longer than the years of good health and plenty. It seems your faith has weakened and you are dissatisfied with the fate of Allah. If I ever regain health, I swear I will punish you with a hundred strokes! From this day onward, I forbid myself to eat or drink anything from your hand. Leave me alone and let my Lord do with me as He pleases."
Crying bitterly and with a heavy heart, she had no choice but to leave him and seek shelter elsewhere. In this helpless state, Job turned to Allah, not to complain but to seek His mercy: "Verily, distress has seized me, and You are the Most Merciful of all those who show mercy.

Job's Health is Restored

So We answered his call, and We removed the distress that was on him, and We restored his family to him (that he had lost), and the like thereof along with them - as a mercy from Ourselves and a Reminder for all who worship Us." Surah 21: 83-84
Almighty Allah also instructed: And remember Our slave Job, when he invoked his Lord (saying): "Verily! Satan has touched me with distress (by losing my health) and torment (by losing my wealth)!" Allah said to him: "Strike the ground with your foot: This is a spring of water to wash in, cool and a (refreshing) drink." And We gave him (back) his family, and along with them the like thereof, as a Mercy from Us, and a reminder for those who understand. Surah 38: 41-43
Job obeyed, and almost immediately his good health was restored. Meanwhile, his faithful wife could no longer bear to be parted from her husband and returned to him to beg his forgiveness, desiring to serve him. On entering her house, she was amazed at the sudden change: Job was again healthy! She embraced him and thanked Allah for His mercy.
Job was now worried, for he had taken an oath to punish her with a hundred strokes if he regained health, but he had no desire to hurt her. He knew if he did not fulfill the oath, he would be guilty of breaking a promise to Allah. Therefore, in His wisdom and mercy, Allah came to the assistance of His faithful servant, and advised him: And take in your hand a bundle of thin grass and strike therewith (your wife), and break not your oath." Truly! We found him patient. How excellent (a) slave! Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance (to Us)!" Surah 38: 44

Prophet Muhammad's Account About Job

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet Muhammad said: "While Job was naked, taking a bath, a swarm of gold locusts fell on him, and he started collecting them in his garment. His Lord called him: '0 Job! Have I not made you too rich to need what you see?' He said: 'Yes, 0 Lord! But I cannot shun Your Blessings."